Although Šibenik was founded in the 9th century by Croats, traces of settlement are observed in prehistoric times, more specifically in the Neolithic era when Danilo culture boomed. In the Iron Age, it was inhabited by the Illyrian tribe, who were excellent sailors and had control over the protected harbour in the Adriatic. In the 11th century, the city recognised the sovereignty of the Croatian-Hungarian kings, but it wasn’t until 1298 that it was established as a Croatian City under the Diocese of Šibenik.
For the period of Venetian rule (1412th-1797th), Šibenik experiences an economic and cultural development as well as successfully defending themselves against the Ottoman Empire. Similar to history throughout Croatia, Šibenik then saw a number of rulers until the 20th century when the Croatian Republic was founded. During the Croatian War of Independence, Šibenik was heavily hit and many historical buildings damaged. However, it didn’t take long for this cultural city to recover and soon developed the city into the rich tourism hub that it is today.