Most of the towns and villages along Split Riviera were founded by Greeks around 2nd or 3rd century BC and thrived through trading with the surrounding Illyrian tribes. The Roman Empire soon became the dominant power in the region and the Roman Emperor Diocletian took residency in the city of Split where he built his ancient palace. Its entirety was completed in 305 AD, just in time for the Diocletian to retire.
The invasion of the Avars and Slavs in the early 7th century saw the city fall with little resistance and local inhabitants sought sanctuary behind the Diocletian’s Palace walls where their numbers were so dwindled that it was sufficient for their needs. The citizens built a city within the walls which is similar to the shops and markets that are there today.
From then until the 11th century Split held numerous hands until 1420 where is was conquered by the Venetian Republic. They ruled over Split, developing it into a significant port city with great trading relationships, until 1797 where Split fell to the Habsburg Monarchy.
Split was devastated during the World Wars with hundreds of casualties and many citizens killed. Now, Split is part of the independent Croatia and is a successful tourist hub that attracts millions of visitors each year. Split is such a rich and cultured area that you will never be at a loss of things to do. So much so, that you’ll want to come back year on year.