The pride of the town of Sinj
Keeper of patriotism. Memorial of history. Symbol of heroes. The embodiment of folk. Cultural oasis. There are not enough words to describe you specialty of this ceremony held in the town of Sinj, Cetina region, on the first Sunday in August. To bring you its meaning, we will start from the historical context without which the game would not exist.
It is a knight’s tournament, Alka. It is held to commemorate the battle of Sinj conducted within the Second Ottoman-Venetian War (1714th-1718th) between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire. And in 1715 by then largest Ottoman army (60,000 soldiers and 16,000 additional troops) came together with the intention to win back Sinj so they could reach the territories on sea. Venetian crew numbered 733 professionals, and in Sinj fortress there were 110 people from Cetina region.
The Turks demanded the surrender of the city, but the brave people of Sinj refused it. Six days and nights later fortress of Sinj was under artillery strikes, and the strongest attack occurred on August 14 when the serascher-pasha Mehmed Pasha Ćelić commanded onslaught: countless pedestrians, horsemen, whom he removed from their horses to help in the attack, and subsidiary company were attacking the fort, but the defenders were quite successful in defending themselves.
The miracle above the city
After extensive fighting in the night from 14 to 15 August Pasha pulled his army back to Bosnia. Yet even today it is not clear why. There are several theories: lack of logistics such as food, water, and artillery, discord among the Turkish soldiers, the occurrence of dysentery, approaching auxiliaries’ Venetian army… It was obvious that Pasha expected a brief and efficient siege, not thinking it would come to this high resistance.
Sudden withdrawal of the enemy is a miracle that Sinj town defenders, except their heroism, attributed to the intercession of the Mother of Mercy to which Sinj people prayed during the battle. In her honor they gave to forge a golden crown with a cross, which decorated her picture. From then until today, August 15 is the Feast of Our Lady of Sinj.
And since then they run Alka in which riders (alkars) on horseback, in full gallop, with about 3 meters long spear targeting iron knocker hung on a rope across the race track. The winner of the tournament is the one who in three races gathers the largest number of points.
Direct hit in the central circle hoop earrings brings three points, two points bears shot in the upper section, and hit in two subsections side bears one point. If at the end of three races alkars have the same number of points, they gallop again until the final victory.
Alka Duke ties down Croatian flag with the historical emblem on the winner’s javelin. The atmosphere in whole town is quite cheerful, loud and full of coloristic folk customs such as brass band’s reveille that is played through city from morning hours. Really, if you come to Croatia, Sinj holidays are the ones you don’t want to miss.
It is not indigenous competition founded by the knights of Sinj, but also other cities on the east coast of Adriatic had some form of similar competition. Alka is specific because, unlike other medieval tournaments that were held occasional or fangled, Alka is based on a real event, wondrous and magnificent defense of freedom from more numerous enemy.
In addition, Alka from the beginning introduces a significant innovation: with members of the military aristocracy, immigrant and those of domestic origin, in knightly competitions can participate people from rural areas (of course, the wealthy ones), which gave the game a kind of national character.
2010 UNESCO had put Alka on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Europe because it is only one from other European knights’ competition, which survived continuously for nearly three centuries, until today. Alka has its multimedia museum whose permanent display reaches a maximum of museum presentation and technological standards.
Although during its long history Alka changed time and place of holding the competition, numerous presidents, kings and state, for three centuries lasts pride and glory of the Cetina region, the memory of deceased people of Sinj in 1715 and their fighting spirit in defense of Turkish attacks.
We are left to cherish those values forever.
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